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How Is Cashmere Made?

by Kyle Verbeyst |

Cashmere is very light, warm and extremely soft when worn.

Cashmere is made from the underlayer of a goat's coat. It is this layer that helps goats stay warm during the cold months of winter. The goats’ underlayer of coat grows better and faster in colder weather.

Once warm weather looms, the goats naturally start shedding. At this time, the cashmere fiber is gathered or combed out.

There are specific cashmere goats that fibers are picked from. However, any type of goat is okay as long as the cut is under 19 microns.  

Mongolia, China and Iran have large herds of cashmere goats. Their large fluctuations in temperature make them suitable regions for cashmere production.

Manufacturing cashmere is a complex process. Producing an item of clothing like a sweater can take more than two goats. This is what makes cashmere a rarity. It’s also the reason why cashmere is expensive.

Cashmere is commonly used to make clothing such as sweaters, gloves, socks. It is also knitted into clothing or woven into fabrics to assemble garments such as coats, jackets, pants and even blankets.

Types Of Cashmere

There are many types of cashmere. The type depends on the environment the goat lives in.

For example, in the Himalayas goats experience a colder winter. This results in finer hair that makes cashmere that is very soft. Cashmere from the Himalayas is highly coveted for this reason.

In general, the more cashmere a garment has, the higher quality it is.

Cashmere is often spun so it can keep its silky soft quality. One hundred percent cashmere will produce pilling. This is when small lint balls are formed on the fabric surface.

Cashmere items are also produced using two-ply yarn, which is a process of twisting two pieces of yarn together. This process results in a stronger, warmer and more durable garment.